Case for Equity
The distribution of air, water, and other environmental benefits is uneven in America and across the globe (Mackie and Hascic, 2018). Low-income neighborhoods and communities of color bear a disproportionate burden with respect to health outcomes and property values as a result of proximity to, and effects from, environmental and climate hazards (Downey and Hawkins, 2008). Correcting these issues would improve the health, wealth, and overall community welfare of millions of Americans. The London School of Economics estimates that 3.6 million people suffer premature deaths annually from fossil fuels air pollution, with those deaths disproportionately impacting developing nations and communities of color here in the US (Leliveld et al., 2019).