Case for Equity
Health care disparities can be found in the United States with respect to geography (rural vs metro), race, gender, and income (Caldwell et al., 2016). Rural Americans have a life expectancy of 76.7 years compared to 79.1 years for those living in metropolitan communities (Singh et al., 2014). In addition to lower life expectancy, Black Americans suffer from a higher prevalence of conditions like heart disease and hypertension, and a higher infant mortality compared to white Americans (Cigna, 2016). Similarly, Hispanic Americans have higher rates of chronic disease and less access to care in the US. Achieving a more equitable system would address all these disparities and ensure that no American’s health and longevity are limited because of where they live, the color of their skin, or how much money they earn.